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Zoological Record Plus (ZR Plus) Thesaurus

 
 
A thesaurus provides a controlled or standard set of terms used to index the items included in the ZR Plus database. Controlled thesaurus terms retrieve the maximum number of relevant documents for the given subject.

The thesaurus terms are used by indexers to describe the contents of publications in a consistent, comprehensive, and concise manner. These terms are included in the Descriptors (DE=) and Systematics (SY=) fields of each record added to the database and are shown in uppercase.

Using our interactive Thesaurus Search, you can browse for terms via a hierarchical, alphabetical, or rotated index display. These display formats allow you to navigate the thesaurus alphabetically or through the hierarchical relationships between terms. After finding appropriate terms, you can submit a search for those terms in the database descriptor field.

We would recommend that you try to locate a controlled search term or terms in the ZR Plus thesaurus as the first step of any search. If you find a suitable term for your search, also check narrower terms and related terms for relevancy, select the appropriate term(s) by clicking the check box(es) and carry out the search. You can include all narrower terms of a broad thesaurus term by selecting to explode the term in your search.

Where extensive hierarchies exist, the search may return a warning that there are too many terms in your search - that is the number of narrower terms is too large to perform an exploded search. The indexing of ZR Plus allows you to work around this by carrying out a single term search for the broader term in the Descriptors (DE=) field. (Alternatively you can use a Keywords (KW=) search which includes the Descriptors and Systematics fields.

If you cannot find a suitable controlled thesaurus term, you can still search for the term using the Quick Search or Advanced Search forms. We would recommend that the Descriptors (DE=) or Keywords (KW=) fields are used in this case.

There are two thesauri associated with ZR Plus:

Controlled ZR Plus Terms

The ZR Plus Thesaurus file consists of approximately 10,000 records, comprising around 3,000 subject terms and 7,000 broad taxonomic names arranged in a series of hierarchies.

Information is supplied for each term as follows:

  • Scope Note - provides a definition on the term and notes on its usage, with an indication of how this has changed over time. Terms are mapped through time using ZR Plus Volume numbers. A list is provided here to allow you to determine the database update years associated with each volume
  • Broader Term - indicates a term which is conceptually broader in meaning than the lead term.
  • Narrower Term - indicates a term which is conceptually narrower in meaning than the lead-term.
  • Related Term - indicates a term which is related in meaning to the lead-term and should be considered for your search.
  • Use - directs from a non preferred form of a term to a term that can be used to search.
  • Use for - indicates some of the most frequently encountered synonyms, abbreviations, alternate spellings, etc.
  • [+] - indicates that the lead term has narrower terms available

The hierarchies available are:

Subject Hierarchies

Abiotic Factors
Animals and Man
Associations
Attachment
Behaviour
Biochemistry
Biometrics
Biophysics
Circulatory System
Colour and Luminescence
Conservation
Cytology
Digestive System
Documentation
Ecology
Economics
Endocrinology
Evolution
Excretion
Feeding
General Morphology
Genetics
Geological Time Periods
Habitat
Histology
Immunology and Repair Mechanisms
Integument
Land and Freshwater Zones
Life Cycle and Development
Locomotion
Marine Zones
Musculature
Nervous System
Nutrition
Parasites, Diseases and Disorders
Pollution
Reproduction
Respiration
Sensory Reception
Skeletal and Supporting Structures
Skeleton
Systematics
Techniques
Theoretical Zoology
Whole Animal Physiology
Zoogeography

Taxonomic Name Hierarchies

Amphibia
Annelida
Arachnida
Archaeocyatha
Aves
Brachiopoda
Bryozoa
Cephalochordata
Coelenterata and Ctenophora
Conodonta
Crustacea
Echinodermata
Entoprocta
Fossil Miscellanea
Graptolithina
Insecta
Coleoptera
Diptera
Hemiptera
Hymenoptera
Lepidoptera
Smaller Orders
Mammalia
Mollusca
Nematoda
Pisces
Platyhelminthes
Porifera
Protozoa
Reptilia
Rotifera
Smaller Arthropod Groups
Smaller Protochordate Groups
Smaller Vermiform Groups
Trilobita (See also Trilobitomorpha)
Trilobitomorpha (See also Trilobita)
Tunicata (See also Urochordata)
Urochordata (See also Tunicata)

Search tip: if you search one of the top terms listed above, you can review all narrower terms in that hierarchy to select an appropriate term.

Taxonomic Names

The taxonomic names list is a collection of organism names derived from Cambridge Scientific Abstracts databases. As ZR Plus only uses Scientific or Latin names in its indexing, this list is useful in identifying possible correct forms of names to use in your search. However, as the list is not derived from ZR Plus sources, there may be some names which do not appear in the ZR Plus database and others which have alternative common/scientific name pairings.

To use the taxonomic names list to identify a possible Latin name, select it in the thesaurus list and search for a common name such as "salmon" using the Rotated listing. The database will return a list of scientific names associated with the common name you searched. You can select one or more of these names and search them in the ZR Plus database.