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PsycARTICLES

 
 

PsycARTICLES is a database of full-text articles from journals published by the American Psychological Association, the APA Educational Publishing Foundation, the Canadian Psychological Association, and Hogrefe & Huber. The database includes all material from the print journals.

The database can be searched in several ways including by specifying keywords that may occur in the article title, abstract, or the full-text, or by author names and journal titles. Each retrieved record has a link to the corresponding full-text article, which is almost always available in PDF format (so Adobe Acrobat reader is needed for viewing) and in HTML format. Each record also has a link to the Table of Contents (TOC) for the issue in which the article is published.

The database can also be searched for articles of interest by browsing directly through the journal titles and then clicking to the tables of contents for the respective volumes and issues. In addition, an alerting function is available that sends an email to the user notifying them that a new issue has been added to the database.

Journals Covered

Most of the 72 APA journals included in PsycARTICLES now go back to volume 1, issue 1. The earliest journal is Psychological Review, which was started in 1894. The database also contains journals that are no longer published. For a full list, click here.

Articles published from 1985 forward are in both PDF and HTML format. Articles published prior to 1985 are available only in PDF format. All PDFs are searchable.

Update Frequency
Weekly. Note: Not every journal will have new data each week.
Supplier
American Psychological Association
750 First Street, NE
Washington, DC 20002-4242
USA
Voice: 1 800-374-2744(in N. America)
Web: http://www.apa.org/psycarticles/
Email: psycinfo@apa.org
Size
More than 143,000 journal articles as of July 2009.
Sample Record:
    Title Visual priming of inverted and rotated objects.
    Author Knowlton, Barbara J.1; McAuliffe, Sean P.1; Coelho, Chase J.2; Hummel, John E.3
    Affiliation (1)Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles; (2)Department of Psychology, Pennsylvania State University; (3)Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign
    Source Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. Vol. 35(4), July 2009, pp. 837-848
    ISSN 0278-7393
    Electronic ISSN 1939-1285
    Descriptors Implicit Memory*; Object Recognition*; Priming*; Spatial Organization*
    Abstract Object images are identified more efficiently after prior exposure. Here, the authors investigated shape representations supporting object priming. The dependent measure in all experiments was the minimum exposure duration required to correctly identify an object image in a rapid serial visual presentation stream. Priming was defined as the change in minimum exposure duration for identification as a function of prior exposure to an object. Experiment 1 demonstrated that this dependent measure yielded an estimate of predominantly visual priming (i.e., free of name and concept priming). Experiments 2 and 3 demonstrated that although priming was sensitive to orientation, visual priming was relatively invariant with image inversion (i.e., an image visually primed its inverted counterpart approximately as much as it primed itself). Experiment 4 demonstrated a similar dissociation with images rotated 90° off the upright. In all experiments, the difference in the magnitude of priming for identical or rotated–inverted priming conditions was marginal or nonexistent. These results suggest that visual representations that support priming can be relatively insensitive to picture-plane manipulations, although these manipulations have a substantial effect on object identification. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA, all rights reserved) (journal abstract)
    Contact Individual Barbara J. Knowlton, Department of Psychology, Franz Hall, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1563
    Journal Volume 35
    Journal Issue 4
    Journal Pages 837-848
    DOI 10.1037/a0015143
    Publisher American Psychological Association
    Language English
    Publication Year 2009
    Publication Type Journal; Peer Reviewed Journal; Journal Article
    Peer Reviewed Yes
    Format Availability Electronic; Print
    Format Covered Electronic
    Methodology Empirical Study; Quantitative Study
    Population Human
    Location US
    Age Adulthood (18 yrs & older)
    Supplemental Data Appendixes [Appended]
    Identifiers priming; object recognition; implicit memory; rapid serial visual presentation; viewpoint-independent
    Classification 2343 Learning & Memory
    References 1. Arguin, M. & Leek, E. C. (2003). Orientation invariance in visual object priming depends on prime-target asynchrony. Perception and Psychophysics, 65, 469-477.
    Abstract | Cited by 5
    2. Biederman, I. & Cooper, E. E. (1991a). Priming contour deleted images: Evidence for intermediate representations in visual object recognition. Cognitive Psychology, 23, 393-419.
    Abstract | Cited by 136
    3. Biederman, I. & Cooper, E. E. (1991b). Evidence for complete translational and reflectional invariance in visual object priming. Perception, 20, 585-593.
    Abstract | Cited by 113
    4. Biederman, I. & Cooper, E. E. (1992). Size invariance in visual object priming. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 18, 121-133.
    Abstract | Cited by 116
    5. Biederman, I. & Gerhardstein, P. C. (1993). Recognizing depth-rotated objects: Evidence and conditions for three-dimensional viewpoint invariance. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 19, 1162-1182.
    Abstract | Cited by 209
    6. Biederman, I. & Gerhardstein, P. C. (1995). Viewpoint-dependent mechanisms in visual object recognition: A critical analysis. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 21, 1506-1514.
    Abstract | Cited by 68
    7. Burgund, E. D. & Marsolek, C. J. (2000). Viewpoint-invariant and viewpoint-dependent object recognition in dissociable neural subsystems. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 7, 480-489.
    Abstract | Cited by 30
    8. Edelman, S. (1998). Representation is representation of similarities. Behavioral & Brain Sciences, 21, 449-498.
    Abstract | Cited by 46
    9. Ochsner, K. N., Chiu, C. Y. & Schacter, D. L. (1994). Varieties of priming. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 4, 189-194.
    Cited by 13
    Poggio, T. & Edelman, S. (1990). A network that learns to recognize three-dimensional objects. Nature, 6255, 263-266.
    11. Rosch, E., Mervis, C. B., Gray, W. D., Johnson, D. M. & Boyes-Braem, P. (1976). Basic objects in natural categories. Cognitive Psychology, 8, 382-439.
    Abstract | Cited by 748
    12. Snodgrass, J. G. & Vanderwart, M. (1980). A standardized set of 260 pictures: Norms for name agreement, familiarity, and visual complexity. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning, 6, 174-215.
    Abstract | Cited by 1181
    13. Stankiewicz, B. J. (2002). Empirical evidence for independent dimensions in the visual representation of three-dimensional shape. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 28, 913-932.
    Abstract | Cited by 18
    14. Stankiewicz, B. J. & Hummel, J. E. (2002). The role of attention in scale- and translation -invariant object recognition. Visual Cognition, 9, 719-739.
    Cited by 3
    15. Stankiewicz, B. J., Hummel, J. E. & Cooper, E. E. (1998). The role of attention in priming for left–right reflections of object images: Evidence for a dual representation of object shape. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 24, 732-744.
    Abstract | Cited by 40
    16. Tarr, M. J. (1995). Rotating objects to recognize them: A case study on the role of viewpoint dependency in the recognition of three-dimensional objects. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 2, 55-82.
    Abstract | Cited by 173
    17. Tarr, M. J. & Pinker, S. (1989). Mental rotation and orientation dependence in shape recognition. Cognitive Psychology, 21, 233-283.
    Abstract | Cited by 222
    18. Pascual-Leone, A. (2001). The brain that plays music and is changed by it. Annals of the New York Academy of Science, 930, 315-329.
    Cited by 14
    18. Tarr, M. J. & Pinker, S. (1990). When does human object recognition use a viewer-centered reference frame. Psychological Science, 1, 253-256.
    Abstract | Cited by 56
    Last Revision Date 20090706
    Update 20090714
    Accession Number 2009-09620-008
Field Codes:
    The following field codes are found in the records of this database. Here they are listed in alphabetical order by two-letter code.

    AB = Abstract JS = Journal Supplement
    AE = AGE JV = Journal Volume
    AF = Affiliation KW = Keywords
    AN = Accession Number LA = Language
    AU = Author LO = Location
    CA = Corporate Author LR = Last Revision Date
    CF = Conference ME = Methodology
    CI = Contact Individual NR = Number of References
    CL = Classification NT = Notes
    CQ = Correction Date OJ = Other Journal Names
    DA = Dissertation Number OP = Other Publisher
    DE = Descriptors PB = Publisher
    DO = DOI PO = Population
    EA = Email Address PT = Publication Type
    EI = Electronic ISSN PY = Publication Year
    FV = Format Availability RE = References
    FC = Format Covered RL = Resource Location
    GI = Grant Information RV = Reviewed Work
    IB = ISBN SD = Supplemental Data
    ID = Identifiers SO = Source
    IS = ISSN TA = Target Audience
    IT = Issue Title TB = Table of Contents
    JN = Journal Name TM = Tests & Measures
    JP = Journal Pages TI = Title
    JT = Journal Part UD = Update

    Classification, CL=

    PsycINFO classifications describe broad areas of the field of psychology. Each includes a 4-digit code that, when sorted numerically, orders the categories hierarchically by subject area. All PsycINFO records are classified according to the most specific category applicable. The classification scheme is shown below.

    To search for a specific category, use either the word(s) or the code, e.g.:

    cl=(clinical psychology testing)
    CL=2224

    To search for everything in a hierarchy, truncate the code, e.g.: CL=22*

    (Note, for very large hierarchies, truncating may slow the search process.)


    2100 General Psychology

    2140

    History & Systems

    2200 Psychometrics & Statistics & Methodology

    2220
    2221
    2222
    2223
    2224
    2225
    2226
    2227
    2228
    2229
    2240
    2260

    Tests & Testing
    Sensory & Motor Testing
    Developmental Scales & Schedules
    Personality Scales & Inventories
    Clinical Psychological Testing
    Neuropsychological Assessment
    Health Psychology Testing
    Educational Measurement
    Occupational & Employment Testing
    Consumer Opinion & Attitude Testing
    Statistics & Mathematics
    Research Methods & Experimental Design

    2300 Human Experimental Psychology

    2320
    2323
    2326
    2330
    2340
    2343
    2346
    2360
    2380
    2390

    Sensory Perception
    Visual Perception
    Auditory & Speech Perception
    Motor Processes
    Cognitive Processes
    Learning & Memory
    Attention
    Motivation & Emotion
    Consciousness State
    Parapsychology

    2400 Animal Experimental & Comparative Psychology

    2420
    2440

    Learning & Motivation
    Social & Instinctive Behavior

    2500 Physiological Psychology & Neuroscience

    2510
    2520
    2530
    2540
    2560
    2580

    Genetics
    Neuropsychology & Neurology
    Electrophysiology
    Physiological Processes
    Psychophysiology
    Psychopharmacology

    2600 Psychology & the Humanities

    2610
    2630

    Literature & Fine Arts Philosophy
    Philosophy

    2700 Communication Systems

    2720
    2750

    Linguistics & Language & Speech
    Mass Media Communications

    2800 Developmental Psychology

    2820
    2840
    2860

    Cognitive & Perceptual Development
    Psychosocial & Personality Development
    Gerontology

    2900 Social Processes & Social Issues

    2910
    2920
    2930
    2950
    2953
    2956
    2960
    2970
    2980
    2990

    Social Structure & Organization
    Religion
    Culture & Ethnology
    Marriage & Family
    Divorce & Remarriage
    Childrearing & Child Care
    Political Processes & Political Issues
    Sex Roles & Women's Issues
    Sexual Behavior & Sexual Orientation
    Drug & Alcohol Usage (Legal)

    3000 Social Psychology

    3020
    3040

    Group & Interpersonal Processes
    Social Perception & Cognition

    3100 Personality Psychology

    3120
    3140
    3143

    Personality Traits & Processes
    Personality Theory
    Psychoanalytic Theory

    3200 Psychological & Physical Disorders

    3210
    3211
    3213
    3215
    3217
    3230
    3233
    3236
    3250
    3253
    3256
    3260
    3270
    3280
    3290
    3291
    3293
    3295
    3297
    3299

    Psychological Disorders
    Affective Disorders
    Schizophrenia & Psychotic States
    Neuroses & Anxiety Disorders
    Personality Disorders
    Behavior Disorders & Antisocial Behavior
    Substance Abuse & Addiction
    Criminal Behavior & Juvenile Delinquency
    Developmental Disorders & Autism
    Learning Disorders
    Mental Retardation
    Eating Disorders
    Speech & Language Disorders
    Environmental Toxins & Health
    Physical & Somatoform & Psychogenic Disorders
    Immunological Disorders
    Cancer
    Cardiovascular Disorders
    Neurological Disorders & Brain Damage
    Vision & Hearing & Sensory Disorders

    3300 Health & Mental Health Treatment & Prevention

    3310
    3311
    3312
    3313
    3314
    3315
    3340
    3350
    3351
    3353
    3355
    3357
    3360
    3361
    3363
    3365
    3370
    3371
    3373
    3375
    3377
    3379
    3380
    3383
    3384
    3385
    3386

    Psychotherapy & Psychotherapeutic Counseling
    Cognitive Therapy
    Behavior Therapy & Behavior Modification
    Group & Family Therapy
    Interpersonal & Client Centered & Humanistic Therapy
    Psychoanalytic Therapy
    Clinical Psychotherapeutic Counseling
    Specialized Interventions
    Clinical Hypnosis
    Self Help Groups
    Lay & Paraprofessional & Pastoral Counseling
    Art & Music & Movement Therapy
    Health Psychology & Medicine
    Behavioral & Psychological Treatment of Physical Illness
    Medical Treatment of Physical Illness
    Promotion & Maintenance of Health & Wellness
    Health & Mental Health Services
    Outpatient Services
    Community & Social Services
    Home Care & Hospice
    Nursing Homes & Residential Care
    Inpatient & Hospital Services
    Rehabilitation
    Drug & Alcohol Rehabilitation
    Occupational & Vocational Rehabilitation
    Speech & Language Therapy
    Criminal Rehabilitation & Penology

    3400 Professional Psychological & Health Personnel Issues

    3410
    3430
    3450
    3470

    Professional Education & Training
    Professional Personnel Attitudes & Characteristics
    Professional Ethics & Standards & Liability
    Impaired Professionals

    3500 Educational Psychology

    3510
    3530
    3550
    3560
    3570
    3575
    3580

    Educational Administration & Personnel
    Curriculum & Programs & Teaching Methods
    Academic Learning & Achievement
    Classroom Dynamics & Student Adjustment & Attitudes
    Special & Remedial Education
    Gifted & Talented
    Educational/Vocational Counseling & Student Services

    3600 Industrial & Organizational Psychology

    3610
    3620
    3630
    3640
    3650
    3660
    3670

    Occupational Interests & Guidance
    Training
    Personnel Evaluation & Job Performance
    Management & Management Training
    Personnel Attitudes & Job Satisfaction
    Organizational Behavior
    Working Conditions & Industrial Safety

    3700 Sport Psychology & Leisure

    3720
    3740

    Sports
    Recreation & Leisure

    3800 Military Psychology
    3900 Consumer Psychology

    3920
    3940

    Consumer Attitudes & Behavior
    Marketing & Advertising

    4000 Engineering & Environmental Psychology

    4010
    4030
    4050
    4070
    4090

    Human Factors Engineering
    Lifespace & Institutional Design
    Community & Environmental Planning
    Environmental Issues & Attitudes
    Transportation

    4100 Intelligent Systems

    4120
    4140
    4160

    Artificial Intelligence & Expert Systems
    Robotics
    Neural Networks

    4200 Forensic Psychology & Legal Issues

    4210
    4230
    4250
    4270
    4290

    Civil Rights & Civil Law
    Criminal Law & Adjudication
    Mediation & Conflict Resolution
    Crime Prevention
    Police & Legal Personnel

    Format Availability, FA=
    Specifies the format types available for the source document. Appears in Journal Article, Book, Book Chapter, Dissertation, and Technical Report records, if available. Format Availability is included in records with a 2001 release date and later.

    Format Covered, FC=
    Specifies the source document format type actually covered in the PsycINFO database. Appears in Journal Article, Book, Book Chapter, Dissertation, and Technical Report records.

    Location, LO=

    Location contains a standardized description of continents, regions, and country names, related to the content of the document. This field may contain multiple locations.

    To search a specific location, enter the word, e.g.:

    lo=(switzerland)

    Alternatively, use the browsable index and select from the location terms displayed there.

    Population contains a standardized description of specific populations related to the content of the document. These include: human, animal, male, female, inpatient, outpatient.

    To search a specific population, enter the word, e.g.:

    po=(female)

    Alternatively, use the browsable index and select from the population or age group terms displayed there.

    Age groups are indexed as follows:

    Childhood (birth-12 yrs)
    Neonatal ( birth-1 mo)
    Infancy (1-23 MO)
    Preschool Age (2-5 yrs)
    School Age (6-12 yrs)
    Adolescence (13-17 yrs)
    Adulthood (18 yrs & older)
    Young Adulthood (18-29 yrs)
    Thirties (30-39 yrs)
    Middle Age (40-64 yrs)
    Aged (65 yrs & older)
    Very Old (85 yrs & older)

    To search age groups, it is only necessary to use the name of the age group, e.g.:

    ae=(school age)

    Alternatively, use the browsable index and select from the population or age group terms displayed there.

    The Methodology field identifies the specific kind of methodology used in a research study. Methodology may contain the values listed below. American Psychological Association definitions of each methodology are available here.

    Clinical Case Study
    Empirical Study
    Experimental Replication
    Followup Study
    Longitudinal Study
    Prospective Study
    Retrospective Study
    Field Study
    Literature Review
    Mathematical Model
    Meta Analysis
    Nonclinical Case Study
    Qualitative Study
    Quantitative Study
    Treatment Outcome/Randomized Clinical Trial

    To search the Methodologies, enter the unique term, e.g.:

    me=(clinical case study)

    Alternatively, use the browsable index and select from the methodology terms displayed there.

    Publication Type, PT=

    Identifies the general type of document. The publication types are as follows:
      Abstract Collection
      Bibliography
      Column/Opinion
      Comment/Reply
      Editorial
      Erratum/Correction
      Journal
      Journal Article
      Letter
      Obituary
      peer-reviewed journal
      peer-reviewed status unknown
      Publication Information
      Review-Book
      Review-Media
      Review-Software & Other

    To search publication type, either enter the unique word(s), e.g.:

    pt=(Peer-Reviewed Journal)

    Or use the browsable index and select from the publication types displayed there.

    References, RE=

    Lists references published with journal articles, books, and book chapters.

    Comprehensive coverage of cited references began in 2001, but references appear from 1988 on. Additional retrospective references will be added to the database as they become available. All published references are included in the PsycINFO record, except those not referring to publications, those in non-Roman alphabets, and those that cause the character limit of PsycINFO records to be exceeded.

    The references appear in APA-style format, and therefore can be searched for any information that would be included in that particular citation style.

    Search for an author or authors, e.g.: re=(Ko)

    Search for a publication year, e.g.: re=(1989)

    Search for a specific publication, e.g.: re=(Behavioral Neuroscience)

    Search for a publisher, e.g.: re=(Cambridge University Press)

    When constructing your search strategy, please keep in mind the large size of the references field and the numerous citations that one references field could possibly contain. A search for a specific author and publication year in the references field could easily retrieve false hits. For example, a search for re=(costa and 1985) could retrieve the name Costa from citation number two and the 1985 publication date from citation number twelve.

    The use of proximity operators in your search strategy can help to eliminate false hits. Incorporate proximity operators into your search strategy to ensure that a search containing two or more separate data elements only retrieves relevant citations, e.g.: re=(Costa) within 12 (1985)

    Note: Since the references field can be quite large, it may take a longer period of time for your search results to be retrieved. To eliminate the references field from your search results, select "Full Record - Omit Refs" from the drop-down box of viewing formats in either the Quick Search or the Advanced Search.

    Reviewed Work, RV=

    Contains information of a reviewed item in the PsycINFO record. This field may contain the reviewed item's author(s), title, source, publication year, and more. Appears in journal article records only.

    Supplemental Data, SD=

    Contains supplemental data or other information found either appended to the print source or available on the Internet. May appear for all publication types. Some supplemental data values may be appended with "Available" or "Internet Available."

    Data types include the following:

      3-D Modeling Images
      Appendixes
      Audio
      Data Sets
      DVD/CD
      Tables and Figures
      Web Sites
      Video
      Workbook/Study Guide
      Other

    Tests & Measures, TM=

    Contains the names of published tests and measures mentioned in the source document. This field may contain multiple tests or measures.

    To search for a record containing a particular test or measure, enter the test or measure name, e.g.:

    tm=(wechsler intelligence scale for children)